Parlamento Europeu envia carta a Mourão

Nesta quinta-feira, 26 de novembro, membros do Parlamento Europeu enviaram uma carta ao governo brasileiro. Na carta, remetida ao vice- presidente Mourão, 68 membros do Parlamento Europeu se mostram preocupados com a proposta de controle do governo sobre as Organizações Não Governamentais (ONGs) que atuam na Amazônia, assim como outras tentativas de coibir ou controlar a sociedade civil. Ainda na carta, os Eurodeputados pedem para que o governo brasileiro repense o papel da sociedade, entendendo que, assim como a imprensa livre, ela é vital para as democracias saudáveis.

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Leia a carta na íntegra:

 Dear Vice-President Mourão, 

Dear representatives of the Brazilian National Council for the Legal Amazon, 

We write to you as members of the European Parliament, in a spirit of friendship with Brazil and its people. We have been made aware through media reports of the plan prepared by the National Council on the Legal Amazon to issue rules that would, by 2022, give the government control over non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating in the Amazon, with the possibility to restrict the activities of those that are found to violate national interests. 

We find this proposal, as well as other attempts to constrain or control civil society, very worrying. The authorisation process for NGOs is already well regulated under Brazilian law. For many decades, a variety of NGOs in Brazil have been implementing programmes and actions to fight environmental crimes, to protect the Amazon rainforest and the livelihood of its peoples while promoting sustainable development in the region. And they often do so heeding the call of the Brazilian government, in close partnership with Federal and State level government institutions and even the Brazilian Army. NGOs are not there to replace the government, but to complement its actions – and, critically, to help make public policy more transparent and effective by exercising free criticism. The plan currently being developed risks being an attack on the independence of NGOs, and undue restrictions on civil society space. 

At a time where the Amazon is burning at record speed, limiting the operations of environmental and social groups and organisations can have devastating consequences. The number of fires detected in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest is 25% higher in the first ten months of 2020 compared to the same period in the previous years. Deforestation too is increasing: in 2020 deforestation alerts were up 34% compared to the previous year. A recent analysis also showed that changes in land use linked to the deforestation of the Amazon in 2019 lead to a 9.6% increase in Brazil’s annual carbon emissions. The same is expected to happen this year as the deforestation rates have not slowed down. 

The European Parliament recognises civil society’s role in the EU’s good governance and considers civil society organisations as crucial development partners. In this context, we would like to express our full support to the non-governmental organisations acting to protect the Amazon. Maintaining their independence and full range of activities is crucial for 

26/11/2020 

MEP Anna Cavazzini, ASP 08H247, 60 Rue Wiertz, B-1047 Brussels 

Brazilian Vice-President Hamilton Mourão; 

Representatives of the Conselho Nacional da Amazônia Legal 

our shared environmental and climate. We therefore urge you to rethink the role of civil society, understanding that, like the free press, it is vital for healthy democracies. We would be delighted to work together in partnership to achieve environmental and climate protection goals. 

Yours sincerely, 

1. Anna Cavazzini, Member of the European Parliament, Vice Chair of the Delegation for Relations with the Federative Republic of Brazil 

2. François Alfonsi, Member of the European Parliament 

3. Margrete Auken, Member of the European Parliament 

4. Brando Benifei, Member of the European Parliament 

5. Benoît Biteau, Member of the European Parliament 

6. Manuel Bompard, Member of the European Parliament 

7. Milan Brglez, Member of the European Parliament 

8. Saskia Bricmont, Member of the European Parliament 

9. Delara Burkhardt, Member of the European Parliament 

10. Reinhard Bütikofer, Member of the European Parliament 

11. Damien Careme, Member of the European Parliament 

12. Leila Chaibi, Member of the European Parliament 

13. David Cormand, Member of the European Parliament 

14. Ignazio Corrao, Member of the European Parliament 

15. Ciarán Cuffe, Member of the European Parliament 

16. Clare Daly, Member of the European Parliament 

17. Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield, Member of the European Parliament 

18. Karima Delli, Member of the European Parliament 

19. Pascal Durand, Member of the European Parliament 

20. Eleonora Evi, Member of the European Parliament 

21. Romeo Franz, Member of the European Parliament 

22. Alexandra Geese, Member of the European Parliament 

23. Dino Giarrusso, Member of the European Parliament 

24. Raphaël Glucksmann, Member of the European Parliament 

25. Claude Gruffat, Member of the European Parliament 

26. Francisco Guerreiro, Member of the European Parliament 

27. José Gusmão, Member of the European Parliament 

28. Henrike Hahn, Member of the European Parliament 

29. Martin Häusling, Member of the European Parliament 

30. Martin Hojsik, Member of the European Parliament 

31. Yannick Jadot, Member of the European Parliament 

32. Karin Karlsbro, Member of the European Parliament 

33. Dietmar Köster, Member of the European Parliament 

34. Aurore Lalucq, Member of the European Parliament 

35. Pierre Larrouturou, Member of the European Parliament 

36. Erik Marquardt, Member of the European Parliament 

37. Marisa Matias, Member of the European Parliament 

38. Sara Matthieu, Member of the European Parliament 

39. Emmanuel Maurel, Member of the European Parliament 

40. Tilly Metz, Member of the European Parliament 

41. Silvia Modig, Member of the European Parliament 

42. Hannah Neumann, Member of the European Parliament 

43. Ville Niinistö, Member of the European Parliament 

44. Grace O’Sullivan, Member of the European Parliament 

45. Kira Peter-Hansen, Member of the European Parliament 

46. Terry Reintke, Member of the European Parliament 

47. Diana Riba i Giner, Member of the European Parliament 

48. Frédérique Ries, Member of the European Parliament 

49. Manuela Ripa, Member of the European Parliament 

50. Michèle Rivasi, Member of the European Parliament 

51. Caroline Roose, Member of the European Parliament 

52. Mounir Satouri, Member of the European Parliament 

53. Helmut Scholz, Member of the European Parliament 

54. Joachim Schuster, Member of the European Parliament 

55. Günther Sidl, Member of the European Parliament 

56. Michal Šimečka, Member of the European Parliament 

57. Massimiliano Smeriglio, Member of the European Parliament 

58. Jordi Solé, Member of the European Parliament 

59. Ivan Štefanec, Member of the European Parliament 

60. Nicolae Ștefănuță, Member of the European Parliament 

61. Marie Toussaint, Member of the European Parliament 

62. Miguel Urbán Crespo, Member of the European Parliament 

63. Ernest Urtasun, Member of the European Parliament 

64. Monika Vana, Member of the European Parliament 

65. Nikolaj Villumsen, Member of the European Parliament 

66. Sarah Wiener, Member of the European Parliament 

67. Michal Wiezik, Member of the European Parliament 

68. Salima Yenbou, Member of the European Parliament 

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